GREGORY OF TOURS°

GREGORY OF TOURS°
GREGORY OF TOURS° (Georgius Florentius; 538–594), bishop of Tours from 573. Most of the information on the Jews in Merovingian France during the second half of the sixth century comes from Gregory. He was present at – and later participated – in the disputation held between King Chilperic and the Jew priscus in 581, which he describes in his Historia Francorum. This same work contains a report on the forced conversion of Jews in clermont-ferrand in 576 and Chilperic's forcible attempt to impose conversion throughout his whole kingdom in 582. Gregory is also the source testifying to the ancient presence of Jews in Tours, Marseilles, Orléans, Bourges, and other places. His works contain invaluable information on the economic and social conditions of the Jews. The manner in which he often introduces Jews into his tales of miracles is curious: their function is in a sense a guarantee to the authenticity of his narrative. It was Gregory who introduced into the West two legends of Oriental origin, concerning "the Jewish child of the blazing furnace" (who had taken communion and been punished by his father, but saved by the virgin Mary) and the desecrated icon (a painting representing Jesus, lacerated by the Jews, which had supposedly begun to bleed); these two legends are of grave significance because one was the distant source of the blood libel and the other of the host desecration accusation . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Blumenkranz, Auteurs chrétiens latins (1963), 67–73; idem, Juifs et chrétiens… (1960), index; F. Cayre, Patrologie (1945), 264–67. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Gregory of Tours — Saint (A.D. 538? 594?); Frank. historian & bishop: his day is Nov. 17 …   English World dictionary

  • Gregory of Tours — Infobox Saint name=Saint Gregory of Tours birth date=November 30 c. 538 death date=death date|593|11|17|mf=y or 594cite encyclopedia | title =St. Gregory of Tours | encyclopedia =The Catholic Encyclopedia | volume =7 | publisher =Robert Appleton… …   Wikipedia

  • Gregory of Tours — (c. 538 594)    Bishop of Tours from 573 until his death in 594, Gregory came from an illustrious Gallo Roman family that included powerful political and religious figures. His father, Florentius, was a member of the senatorial class, and… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Gregory of Tours — (ca. 538–594)    Gregory of Tours was a sixth century Gallo Roman bishop, historian, and writer of SAINTS’ LIVES, whose Historia Francorum (History of the Franks) is our most important source for the history of early Merovingian France.… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Gregory of Tours — (c. 538–94)    Bishop and Historian.    Gregory was consecrated Bishop of Tours in France in 573. He is remembered for his Historia Francorum, which covers the history of the Frankish people from the creation of the world to his own times.… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Gregory of Tours,Saint — Gregory of Tours (to͝or, to͞or), Saint. 538 594. Frankish prelate and historian who produced a valuable history of the sixth century Franks. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gregory of Tours, Saint — • Lengthy article about this bishop, historian, and theologian. He died in 593 or 594 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gregory of Tours, Saint — orig. Georgius Florentius born Nov. 30?, 538/539, Clermont, Aquitaine? died Nov. 17, 594?, Tours, Neustria Frankish bishop and writer. Born into an aristocratic family that had produced several bishops of what is today central France, Gregory… …   Universalium

  • GREGORY OF TOURS, ST. —    bishop of Tours, French theologian and historian, born at Clermont; was mixed up a good deal in the political strife of the time, and suffered not a little persecution; was the author of a History of the Franks, the earliest of French… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Gregory of Tours —    Historian of the Franks (q.v.); bishop (q.v.) of Tours (573 594). His Historia Francorum (History of the Franks) covers the period from the Creation to 591, but it is ofvalue chiefly for the period of his bishopric, which he writes about in… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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